[11], In 1963, aged eighteen, Fassbinder returned to Munich with plans to attend night school with the idea to eventually study drama. [62] The film is very critical of the era's politics and media, as the people to whom Emma Küsters turns all exploit her and her experience. Il vit de divers métiers. jusqu’en 1976, année où il provoque le scandale avec sa pièce Les Ordures, la ville et la mort, dans laquelle l'un des personnages est dénommé le « juif riche » : on l'accuse alors d'antisémitisme et l'éditeur Suhrkamp décide de retirer l'ouvrage de la vente et de le mettre au pilon (Daniel Schmid a adapté la pièce au cinéma sous le titre L'Ombre des anges mais le film a lui aussi été déprogrammé[7]). En 1966, il réalise Le Clochard, un hommage au film d’Éric Rohmer, Le Signe du lion[3] ; puis il finit par collaborer avec des troupes de théâtre expérimental. Vendez le vôtre. The film ends with a typical Fassbinder-esque irony, as the crew gang up on the director. De 1978 à 1982, il vit avec Juliane Lorenz, devenue depuis présidente de la fondation Rainer Werner Fassbinder. During this time, he turned for a model to Hollywood melodrama, particularly the films German émigré Douglas Sirk made in Hollywood for Universal-International in the 1950s: All That Heaven Allows, Magnificent Obsession and Imitation of Life. [14], He returned to Munich where he continued with his writing. Although he claimed to be opposed to matrimony as an institution, in 1970 Fassbinder married Ingrid Caven, an actress who regularly appeared in his films. [102], Media scandals and controversies ensured that in Germany itself Fassbinder was permanently in the news, making calculatedly provocative remarks in interviews. To gain entry to the Berlin Film School, Fassbinder submitted a film version of his play Parallels. Fassbinder first gained international success with Fear Eats the Soul (Angst essen Seele auf, 1974). Herr Raab is later found hanged in an office restroom.[36]. In a Year of Thirteen Moons was explicitly personal, a reaction to his former lover Armin Meier's suicide. Frustrated in a homoerotic relationship with his own brother, Querelle betrays those who love him and pays them even with murder. Život a dílo. His first feature-length film was a gangster movie called Love Is Colder Than Death (1969); he scored his first domestic commercial success with The Merchant of Four Seasons (1972) and his first international success with Ali: Fear Eats the Soul (1974), both of which are considered masterpieces by contemporary critics. Après s'être essayé à l'écriture de pièces radiophoniques dans la grande tradition allemande (Hörspiel), il se fait connaître, lors de la saison théâtrale 1967-1968, à Munich pour ses mises en scène qui relisent de manière anticonformiste des textes classiques ou valorisent des œuvres contestataires[4]. Fassbinder erschien. [109] His remains were interred at Bogenhausener Friedhof in Munich. During this period, Pempeit was often away from her son for long periods while she recuperated from tuberculosis. He hanged himself while in custody in 1977. His career lasted less than two decades, but he was extremely prolific; he completed over 40 feature films, two television series, three short films, four video productions, and 24 plays. The arrival of Jorgos, a guest worker from Greece, leads to a growing curiosity on the part of the women and the antagonism among the men living in a suburban block of apartments in Munich. In 1977, the New Yorker Theater in Manhattan held a Fassbinder Festival. En 1945, il est capturé par des soldats américains. [90], In 1971, Fassbinder began a relationship with El Hedi ben Salem, a Moroccan Berber who had left his wife and five children the previous year, after meeting him at a gay bathhouse in Paris. Il ne distingue pas les techniques théâtrales de celles du Septième Art ; de fait, entre 1969 et 1971, il accouche de nombreuses pièces de théâtre tout en produisant en un temps record des films alternatifs. Katzelmacher was adapted from Fassbinder's first produced play – a short piece that was expanded from forty minutes to feature length, moving the action from a country village to Munich and delaying the appearance of Jorgos. [31] This kind of social criticism, featuring alienated characters unable to escape the forces of oppression, is a constant throughout Fassbinder's oeuvre. Den 75. Während die bisherige Literatur zu Fassbinder sich vor allem dem "maßlosen" Leben des ungemein produktiven Filmemachers verschrieben hat, steht in diesem Buch sein Werk im … Raab was also set designer of Fassbinder's films until their friendship and professional relationship broke up after making this film.[65]. She leaves him, but after he suffers a heart attack they reunite, though he now has to employ other men. C'est l'année suivante que Fassbinder présente ce qui deviendra son film le plus célèbre, Le Mariage de Maria Braun dans lequel Hanna Schygulla incarne une arriviste qui fera fortune dans l'Allemagne de l'après-guerre. In the following year, 1971, Fassbinder shot only one film: The Merchant of Four Seasons.[47][49][50][51]. Mai hätte Fassbinder seinen 70. [58] The film is a period piece adapted from Theodor Fontane's classic novel of 1894, concerning the consequences of betrayed love. Hans faces rejection from his family after he violently assaults his wife for not bending to his will. The film follows the tragic life of Elvira, a transsexual formerly known as Erwin. Stylistically far from the melodramas that made him known internationally, Satan's Brew gave way to a new phase in his career. nécessaire]. En incluant ces diverses influences dans une démarche artistique singulière, Fassbinder entreprend son premier projet cinématographique avec sa troupe. [3] In compliance with his mother's wishes, Fassbinder later claimed he was born in 1946, to more clearly establish himself as a child of the post-war period; his real age was revealed shortly before his death. But here homosexuality is shown as completely normal, and the problem is something quite different, it's a love story, where one person exploits the love of the other person, and that's the story I always tell".[60]. Èra un dels representants majors del nòu cinèma alemand dels ans 1960-1970. The film stars Kurt Raab, Fassbinder's close friend whom the director usually cast as a pathetic man. He literally drinks himself to death. [32], Gods of the Plague (Götter der Pest) is a bleak gangster film with a winter setting, shot mostly indoors and at night. Additionally, he learned how to handle all phases of production, from writing and acting to direction and theater management. - Daniela Maria Ziegler / Livres en langue étrangère. Rainer Werner Fassbinder. He rarely kept his professional and personal life separate, and was known to cast family, friends and lovers in his films. He was one year old when he was returned to his parents in Munich. Als Rainer Werner Fassbinder am 10. He is widely regarded as a prominent figure and catalyst of the New German Cinema movement. – München, 1982. június 10.) The influence of Döblin's novel can be seen in many of Fassbinder's films most of whose protagonists are named Franz, some with the surname Biberkopf like the naïve working class lottery winner in Fox and His Friends, who is played by Fassbinder. It was made on a budget of 6,000,000 DEM, exceeding the total cost of Fassbinder's first fifteen films. When he is released on probation, they continue their relationship and Hanni becomes pregnant. Despair – A journey into the Light (Despair – Eine Reise ins Licht) tells the story of Hermann Hermann, an unbalanced Russian émigré and chocolate magnate, whose business and marriage have both grown bitter. [43][44] Rio das Mortes is best remembered for a scene unrelated to the plot, as the girlfriend, played by Schygulla, dances to Elvis Presley's "Jailhouse Rock" on the jukebox in the company of an oafish leather-jacketed youth, played by Fassbinder. After Pioneers in Ingolstadt, Fassbinder took an eight-month break from filmmaking. He worked in various productions throughout Germany and made a number of radio plays in the early 1970s. Elämä ja työ. Franz is killed, and the film ends at his laconic funeral. It was co-directed by Michael Fengler (the friend who had been his cameraman on the short film The little Chaos in 1967). Her story of manipulation and betrayal parallels Germany's spectacular postwar economic recovery in terms of its cost in human values.[71]. [109] At 3:30 a.m, when Juliane Lorenz arrived home, she heard the noise of the television in Fassbinder's room, but she could not hear him snoring. In an interview at the 1975 Cannes Film Festival, Fassbinder said about Fox and His Friends: "It is certainly the first film in which the characters are homosexuals, without homosexuality being made into a problem. [87] Kaufmann appeared in fourteen of Fassbinder's films, with the lead role in Whity (1971). Profile: German filmmaker, actor, playwright, theatre director, composer, cinematographer, editor, and essayist who was born on 1945-05-31 in Bad Wörishofen, Germany, and who died at the age of 37 on 1982-06-10 in Munich, Germany. [46], Shot in November 1970, Pioneers in Ingolstaldt was commissioned for television. Film hautement controversé pour son contenu politique il est aussi considéré comme un des plus grands. 1 1969 - 1972 [9 DVDs] 3,8 von 5 Sternen 24. The character of Franz (from Fassbinder's first film, but now played by Harry Baer) is released from prison, but falls back with the wrong crowd. Love Is Colder Than Death was ill-received at its premiere at the Berlin Film Festival. Unlike the other major auteurs of the New German Cinema, Volker Schlöndorff, Werner Herzog and Wim Wenders, who started out making movies, Fassbinder's stage background was evident throughout his work. Lui et Hanna Schygulla collaborent une dernière fois en 1980 avec Lili Marleen, un film se déroulant durant la montée du nazisme et dans lequel Schygulla joue une jeune chanteuse. All titles written and directed by Rainer Werner Fassbinder unless stated otherwise. Beate Mainka-Jellinghaus markierte in der Arbeitskopie mit Weißstift die Stellen, an denen die Schnitte liegen sollten. Fassbinder puise son inspiration dans la littérature réaliste : Gustave Flaubert, Guy de Maupassant ou encore Theodor Fontane dont il adapte plus tard son chef-d'œuvre Effi Briest[2]. Biografie. [112] The notes for Rosa L were found next to his body. Coupled with the controversial issues of his films — terrorism, state violence, racism, sexual politics — it seemed that everything Fassbinder did provoked or offended someone. Mit zahlreichen Fotos. Their three-year relationship was punctuated with jealousy, violence and heavy drug and alcohol use. [22] He wrote fourteen plays, created new versions of six classical plays, and directed or co-directed twenty-five stage plays. [78] The original German title, Die Sehnsucht der Veronika Voss, translates as "The longing of Veronika Voss". He falls deep into the cover up behind a computer capable of creating an artificial world with units living as human beings unaware that their world is just a computer projection. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Rainer-Werner-Fassbinder Bertz und Fischer Verlag, Berlin 2001 ISBN 9783929470796 Gebunden, 536 Seiten, 25,00 EUR Gebraucht bei Abebooks Klappentext. His characters yearn for love, but seem condemned to exert an often violent control over those around them. [23], In 1971 through 1977, his films brought him international attention, with films modeled, to ironic effect, on the melodramas Douglas Sirk made in Hollywood in the 1950s. Nado nunha familia burguesa, os seus pais separáronse en 1951, quedando coa súa nai. Die "New York Times" feierte ihn als den "faszinierendsten, begabtesten, fruchtbarsten, originellsten jungen Filmemacher in Westeuropa". Rainer Werner Fassbinder (Bad Wörishofen, 1945. május 31. Set in the 1950s, the film depicts the twilight years of the title character, a faded Nazi starlet. Er gilt als einer der wichtigsten Vertreter des Neuen Deutschen Films der 1970er und 1980er Jahre. ; it was realized from his idea by Michael Fengler, his assistant. Fassbinder joined the Munich Action-Theater in 1967; there, he was active as actor, director and scriptwriter. Shot on 16mm film and made for television, Martha (1974) is a melodrama about cruelty in a traditional marriage. [98] According to Lorenz, they considered getting married but never did so. Of these twelve plays, four were written by Fassbinder; he rewrote five others. Rainer Werner Fassbinder - ein Portrait. 31. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Rainer Werner Fassbinder sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. [74], Berlin Alexanderplatz centers on Franz Biberkopf, a former convict and minor pimp, who tries to stay out of trouble but is dragged down by crime, poverty and the duplicity of those around him.